Grizzly bears are very dangerous. When people come close to a grizzly bear, there is a much greater chance that they will be attacked by it than if they were to come close to a black bear. In British Columbia, however, over the past eighteen years twice as many people were attacked by black bears than by grizzly bears. 


Which of the following, if true, would most contribute to an explanation of the facts above?



A. Bears of both species will attack to protect their cubs from danger.


B. Recently, more people than ever before have visited the British Columbia area.


C. There are roughly ten times more black bears than there are grizzly bears in British Columbia.


D. Black bears have poorer eyesight than grizzly bears do.


E. There are more grizzly bears today than there were eighteen years ago, whereas the number of black bears has remained the same.


Let’s look at the paradox in the stimulus


Grizzly bears are very dangerous. 

When people come close to a grizzly bear, there is a much greater chance that they will be attacked by it than if they were to come close to a black bear.


HOWEVER


In British Columbia, over the past eighteen years twice as many people were attacked by black bears than by grizzly bears. 


If the chance of getting attacked by a grizzly bear is more than the chance of getting attacked by a black bear, why is the case different in British Colombia. We need to look for an option that resolves the paradox present in the argument.



A. Bears of both species will attack to protect their cubs from danger.

Doesn’t help resolve the paradox. We need to find why is the case different in British Colombia. Eliminate.


B. Recently, more people than ever before have visited the British Columbia area.


Recently, more people than ever before have visited the British Columbia. But why was it that many people were attacked by black bears than by grizzly bears. Doesn’t help resolve the paradox. Eliminate.


C. There are roughly ten times more black bears than there are grizzly bears in British Columbia.


Option C helps resolve the paradox present in the argument.

There are roughly ten times more black bears than there are grizzly bears in British Columbia. This explains why many people were attacked by black bears than by grizzly bears. Correct.


D. Black bears have poorer eyesight than grizzly bears do.

Despite having poor eyesight, black bears attacked many people than Grizzly bears did. If anything, Option D only adds to the paradox present in the argument. Eliminate. 


E. There are more grizzly bears today than there were eighteen years ago, whereas the number of black bears has remained the same.


If there are more grizzly bears today than there were eighteen years ago, why was it that many people were attacked by black bears than by grizzly bears. Doesn’t resolve the paradox. Eliminate.