In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic recession because many businesses cut back operations. However, any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools. This is because Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that education in government-funded schools be available, free of charge, to all Vargonian children regardless of the state of the economy, and that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded. 


Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument? 



(A) The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher than it was during the most recent period of economic recession. 


(B) During recent periods when the Vargonian economy has been strong, almost 25 percent of Vargonian children have attended privately funded schools, many of which charge substantial fees. 


(C) Nearly 20 percent more teachers are currently employed in Vargonia's government-funded schools than had been employed in those schools in the period before the last economic recession. 


(D) Teachers in Vargonia's government-funded schools are well paid relative to teachers in most privately funded schools in Vargonia, many of which rely heavily on part-time teachers. 


(E) During the last economic recession in Vargonia, the government permanently closed a number of the schools that it had funded


Let’s understand the details of the argument-

In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic recession because many businesses cut back operations.


author’s opinion/conclusion-

However, any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools.


Reasons?


This is because Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that education in government-funded schools be available, free of charge, to all Vargonian children regardless of the state of the economy, and that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded. 


We need an option that strengthens the conclusion.


  1. The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher than it was during the most recent period of economic recession. 

Irrelevant to the conclusion- “any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools”. Eliminate.


(B) During recent periods when the Vargonian economy has been strong, almost 25 percent of Vargonian children have attended privately funded schools, many of which charge substantial fees. 

When the economy was strong, 25 % of Vargonian children attended privately funded schools, many of which charge substantial fees. 

This figure is more likely to go down during recession, when the economy is down. With govt funded schools available free of charge, parents will be more likely to send their children to govt. funded schools in Vargonia. 

As the number of students go up, the number of teachers would also go up as the new law requires that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded. 

Therefore any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools. Option B strengthens the conclusion and is correct.



(C) Nearly 20 percent more teachers are currently employed in Vargonia's government-funded schools than had been employed in those schools in the period before the last economic recession. 


How is it likely that any future recession in Vargonia will not negatively affect the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools? Doesn’t provide any support to the conclusion. Eliminate. 



(D) Teachers in Vargonia's government-funded schools are well paid relative to teachers in most privately funded schools in Vargonia, many of which rely heavily on part-time teachers. 


OK. So? Irrelevant. Eliminate. 

(E) During the last economic recession in Vargonia, the government permanently closed a number of the schools that it had funded


The conclusion talks about a legal retirement just introduced in Vargonia. Eliminate.