Developed in 1919 in the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt, the method of literary-historical analysis known as Form Criticism continued to be influential well into the 1980s. 



A. Developed in 1919 in the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt


B. The work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt was developed in 1919 


C. Developed in 1919, the German scholar Karl Schmidt’s work 


D. Develops in 1919 in the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt


E. In the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt



This is a tricky question. All that we can rely on is the meaning of the sentence.


B. The work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt was developed in 1919 

Two independent clauses cannot be connected using a comma. Option B contains an error of comma splice


C. Developed in 1919, the German scholar Karl Schmidt’s work 


Developed in 1919 modifies Karl Schmidt’s work. It means that the work, developed in 1919 is the method of literary-historical analysis..

the method of literary-historical analysis known as Form Criticism in that case would be an appositive and must be placed between commas, which are missing in option C.


D. Develops in 1919 in the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt

Option D incorrectly uses the present tense to talk about a past event. 


E. In the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt


The modifier- “developed in 1919” is missing. 


Option A is correct in terms of meaning and grammar.


The method of literary-historical analysis known as Form Criticism was developed in 1919 in the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidt- meaning


A- Developed in 1919 in the work of the German scholar Karl Schmidtthe method of literary-historical analysis known as Form Criticism continued to be influential well into the 1980s.