In Stenland, many workers have been complaining that they cannot survive on minimum wage, the lowest wage an employer is permitted to pay. The government is proposing to raise the minimum wage. Many employers who pay their workers the current minimum wage argue that if it is raised, unemployment will increase because they will no longer be able to afford to employ as many workers.


Which of the following, if true in Stenland, most strongly supports the claim that raising the minimum wage there will not have the effects that the employers predict?



(A) For any position with wages below a living wage, the difficulty of finding and retaining employees adds as much to employment costs as would raising wages.


(B) Raising the minimum wage does not also increase the amount employers have to contribute in employee benefits.


(C) When inflation is taken into account, the proposed new minimum wage is not high as the current one was when it was introduced.


(D) Many employees currently being paid wages at the level of the proposed new minimum wage will demand significant wage increases.


(E) Many employers who pay some workers only the minimum wage also pay other workers wages that are much higher than the minimum.


Again, let’s identify the premises and the conclusion.


Premises


In Stenland, many workers have been complaining that they cannot survive on minimum wage,

Minimum wage- the lowest wage an employer is permitted to pay.

The government is proposing to raise the minimum wage.


(Conclusion) Many employers’ argue that-


if the minimum wage is raised, unemployment will increase because employers will no longer be able to afford to employ as many workers.



We need to find an option that strengthens the claim that raising the minimum wage there will not have the effects that the employers predict

or we need to find an option that would go against the employer's prediction. 


(A) For any position with wages below a living wage, the difficulty of finding and retaining employees adds as much to employment costs as would raising wages.


This means that raising minimum wages will not really have an impact on employers as finding and retaining employees who work for any position with wages below a living wage adds as much to employment costs as would raising wages. Correct


(B) Raising the minimum wage does not also increase the amount employers have to contribute in employee benefits.



This doesn’t weaken the employers’ prediction. Eliminate.


(C) When inflation is taken into account, the proposed new minimum wage is not high as the current one was when it was introduced.


Irrelevant to the employers’ prediction. Eliminate.


(D) Many employees currently being paid wages at the level of the proposed new minimum wage will demand significant wage increases.


Option D talks about employees who are currently paid wages at the level of the proposed new minimum wage. The prediction is that raising minimum wages will lead to an increase in unemployment. Eliminate.


(E) Many employers who pay some workers only the minimum wage also pay other workers wages that are much higher than the minimum.

Irrelevant. Eliminate.